Nowadays, the frequency of lower back pain is increasing in the elderly population, which often occurs as a consequence of a lifestyle that includes lots of sitting during the day. It has been proven that frequent non-specific lower back pain occurs even in teenagers, especially in women, children who sit and people with a family history of back pain. People with scoliosis also often have back pain.
It is believed that the modern way of life leads to muscle atrophy due to prolonged inactivity, which results in reduced physiological curves (lumbar lordosis) which is associated with lower back pain. It has been proven that the size of the scoliotic curve is not related to back pain, but changes in the sagittal (lateral) profile of the spine are the cause of pain. It is not uncommon for people with bigger size scoliosis to not have significant back pain compared to people with smaller size scoliosis. However, there is evidence that lumbar and thoracolumbar curves are more likely to cause lower back pain than curvature in the thoracic spine.
In adults with scoliosis, the goal of treatment is different in relation to the treatment of children who are in the period of growth and development. The goal of treatment is to increase functionality, mobility and reduce back pain.